Enhanced Nurse Licensure Compact
What are Nurse Compact States?
The originally titled Nursing Licensure Compact, or NLC, allowed registered nurses to work across states that are part of the Compact. In other words, nurses could practice in any NLC state without having to obtain additional licenses specific to each state. However, the terminology of NLC was officially replaced by the Enhanced Nurse Licensure Compact (eNLC) on July 18, 2018.
You still may hear Nursing Compact, NLC, eNLC, and Multi-State License all thrown around. Essentially, they all mean the same thing. For the purpose of this and following articles, "compact" states refer to those states that have enacted the eNLC. Similarly, a "compact license" is a license obtained in a compact state that serves as a multi-state nursing license when used in other compact states.
The Enhanced Nurse Licensure Compact (eNLC), continuing what the originally named NLC set forward, allows any nurse who resides in one of the participating states to practice nursing in any of the states forming the compact state alliance. All of the original compact states adopted the eNLC guidelines, except for Rhode Island, which is no longer considered a compact state.
The eNLC is only for Registered Nurses (RNs) and Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs). The NCSBN has been working on a compact agreement for APRNs that will be implemented when at least 10 states enact the legislation. Note, if you’re a federal or military nurse, there are some differences you and your partner (if applicable) should be aware of.
Compact States (Members of the eNLC)
The below 32 states have enacted the nurse licensure compact as of January 1, 2020:
- New Hampshire
- New Mexico
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
Do You Have a Compact License?
You can easily check if your license is compact or not through Nursys, the only national database for verification of nurse licensure, discipline, and practice privileges for RNs and LPNs. Here you can view all your licenses (both active and lapsed) and their compact status (single-state, multi-state, or N/A). If you download your Nursys report (very easy and completely free), they will list out each and every state you are eligible to practice in.
What Are the Benefits of Being a Nurse in a Compact State?
First and foremost, working as a nurse in a compact state allows your nursing license to be accepted in any of the 31 compact-implemented states. This removes most the of complexities that must be dealt with when working in one state versus another (particularly regarding requirements for licensure). This is particularly useful for travel nurses. It means you don’t have to worry about applying for and renewing your nursing license across multiple states.
Basically, you save money by not having to apply for and renew a variety of state licenses, and you have additional mobility when deciding where to work as a nurse (especially in the short term if you’re looking for travel nurse jobs).
What Are the Challenges of Being a Nurse in a Compact State?
There aren’t many immediate challenges, per se, save for the fact that if you do ever want to work in a non-compact state, such as California or New York, you’ll have to apply for and keep up-to-date on those state-specific requirements in addition to those entailed in your compact license.
On the other hand, if you’re currently licensed in a home state with legislation pending, there’s no telling how long you may have to wait for your state to join the eNLC. So, if compact status is really important for you, you may want to consider moving your Primary State of Residence (PSOR), or home state, to one within the eNLC. This is confirmed via your driver’s license, federal tax return, or voter registration, for example (i.e. where you live when you’re not on a travel nurse assignment).
What Are the Advantages for States within the Nursing Compact?
States that are part of the eNLC benefit from greater access to a wider variety of more mobile and logistically available nurses. This helps to promote travel nursing and per diem shifts across state lines given demand in different states. Accordingly, it increases access to high-quality nursing professionals who are not constrained by a single-state license.